Facing the Band: Elissa Blount Moorhead and the (Ana)Architectures of Community Ties


About Elissa Blount Moorhead

Elissa Blount Moorhead is an award winning artist, curator, writer, and producer “exploring the poetics of quotidian Black life to emphasize gestural dialectics of quiet domesticity and community building.” (“About: Elissa Blount Moorhead”)

Blount Moorhead is a partner at TNEG film studio founded by artists Arthur Jafa and Malik Sayeed), and has been creating, curating, and organizing with artists and events for over 28 years. In that time, she has co-produced and curated over 40 exhibitions and multimedia projects. With TNEG, whose mission is to create a cinema “capable of matching the same power, beauty and alienation of black music” and as central to the cultural, social, and economical life of the 21st century as black music was to the 20th, she has worked on APEX redacted, presented at FLUX NIGHT 2015: DREAM in Atlanta (2015), and was one of the key creative forces behind the video for Jay-Z’s title song 4:44, among many other works.

Before relocating from Brooklyn to Baltimore, where she currently lives, Blount Moorhead co-curated Funk, God, Jazz and Medicine: Black Radical Brooklyn (2014), a collaboration between Creative Time and the Weeksville Heritage Center, one of 19th century America’s first free black communities, featuring works by Xenobia Bailey, Simone Leigh, Otabenga Jones & Associates, and Bradford Young. In 2016 she co-curated Art in Odd Places: Race, an exploration of the “Who? What? Where? When? Why? How?” of race which took place along 14th St in Manhattan from Avenue C to the Hudson River. In 2017 she was one of one hundred female artists who formed a collective spearheaded by Simone Leigh to respond to, “the continued inhumane institutionalized violence against black lives” (“Closing Celebration for We Wanted a Revolution: Black Radical Women,” Black Women Artists for Black Lives Matter).

Blount Moorhead is currently producing a documentary film on Gil Scott Heron and an installation called As of A Now, an x-ray film projection showing now vacant row houses in Baltimore full of the audiovisual stories of their former Black denizens, using oral histories and augmented reality (As of a Now, Creative Capital).

Blount Moorhead contributed chapters in collections and catalogs, including her “Eight-Point Plan of Euphorically Utopic World-Making” in the anthology How We Fight White Supremacy: A Field Guide to Black Resistance, where she builds on the counterculture her parents created, insists on her centering on Blackness, in all its euphoric possibilities, emphasizing world-making as a key element in not only shaping the understanding of current existence but also in decentralizing the White Gaze. For The Radical Museum: Democracy, Dialog, & Debate, she articulates Weeksville Heritage Center’s history of self-determination in a chapter titled “Taken, not Granted,” which resists the white supremacist idea that freedom, land, rights, refuge, and self should be the outcome of white benevolence rather than black self-determination. She is also the author of P is for Pussy, an illustrated “children’s” book with illustrator Meltem Sahin.

Moorhead is the recipient of several awards, including the USA Artist Fellowship, Saul Zaentz Innovation Fellowship, Ford Foundation, Rockwood JustFilms Fellowship, Ruby Award, and the 2019 Creative Capital Award for As of a Now.

More recently Blount Moorhead completed Back and Song, a four-channel film installation, co-created with award-winning cinematographer and visual artist Bradford Young, which considers medical discrimination and healing in the Black community. Playing in 20-minute loops, the installation’s four screens incorporate contemporary and archival footage of dancing, childbirth, medicine men, prisoners, and testimonials about meditation. The installation, organized by the Philadelphia Contemporary and Thomas Jefferson University, recently concluded an October residency at the chapel of Girard College in Philadelphia.

While she is involved in projects ranging from public events, gallery exhibits, screenings, and educational programs, Blount Moorhead centers community and activism as the “gestural dialectics of quiet domesticity and community building” across all her works. In channeling her focus towards the projects and people involved, Blount Moorhead fashions her stance and groundedness after the position Miles Davis assumed when, playing with his back to the audience, he “faced his band,” instead. In her chapter “Someday We’ll All Be Free,” for How we Fight White Supremacy, she interprets Miles’s stance as “Don’t look over your shoulder. Let the world come find you—you don’t have to go to it. When they do find you, be totally into and enjoying your own bag.” She writes, “I’ve had a few bags throughout my life—career, crews, cities—but the bag for which I have always had an unwavering love is Blackness. I never tire of pondering who we are and what we do.” That is, rather than focusing on audience expectations or demands, she turns her attention towards the people and processes of creation that are central to her community, the lineages that have produced her, as well as lineages “to come.” Conceptually “facing the band” allows Blount Moorhead to emphasize process over product, personal relations over commercial outcomes, and select people and ideas based on what needs attention in each moment. As she has stated, “we… don’t want to be producers of masterpieces, but producers of conversation pieces.” (Creative Time Summit, “A Case for Nonsense, 2016) In extrapolating “facing the band” from its more literal context, then, Blount Moorhead explores forms of “curation” that transcend their traditional sense and refer instead to a more careful gathering of people, communities, and ideas, around the making of art.

For this reason, the liquid blackness research project on Elissa Blount Moorhead’s work and philosophy of artistic practice will be called, Facing the Band: Elissa Blount Moorhead and the (Ana)Architectures of Community Ties.

Some of the theoretical frameworks it will explore:

• Curation as CAREful Gathering and Community-Building
• Black Radical Feminist Aesthetics
• Raced and Gendered Notion of Care
• Art as Process/Author as Ensemble
• Black Spaces and Histories: Geographies, Architectures, Communities
• Black Ancestry and Futurity: Past Lineages and Lineages “to come”


Selected Works

Curator

Art in Odd Places: Race, co-curator (2016)

Funk, God, Jazz, and Medicine: Black Radical Brooklyn, co-curator (2014)

Random Occurrences (2005)

Practicum (2002)

Cat Calls (2001)

 

Casting Director / Creative Team Assemblage

As Told to G/D Thyself (2019)

 

Director

As of A Now, in production (2019-present)

Questions (2019)

4:44, co-director (2017)

Paul Coats (2017)

Life’s Time

 

Artist

Black Women for BLM (2016)

TNEG: APEX REDACTED, Flux Night in Atlanta (2015)

 

Writer

Someday We’ll All be Free, in How We Fight White Supremacy, contributor (2019)

P is for Pussy, author (2015)

Freedom is Taken, Not Granted: Radial Democratic Concepts of Freedom in Museums, The Radical Museum:Democracy, Dialog, & Debate, contributor (2011)

 

Producer

Questions (2019)

Paul Coats (2017)

 

Organizations

Station North Arts & Entertainment District, executive director and chief creative officer (2016)

TNEG, partner (2013)

Red Clay Arts, co-founder and executive director

RushKids, director (2001-2003)

 

Lecturer

Cultural Pluralism Course, creator and instructor (1999-ongoing)


Selected Interviews

“Funk, God, Jazz, and Medicine: Black Radical Brooklyn.” Weeksville Heritage Center. 2014. https://www.weeksvillesociety.org/funk-god-jazz-and-medicine-black-radical-brooklyn

Rao, Sameer and Akiba Solomon. “Questlove, Patrisse Cullors and Many More Share Their 2015 Favorites.” Colorlines. Dec. 30, 2015. https://www.colorlines.com/articles/questlove-patrisse-cullors-and-many-more-share-their-2015-favorites

Blount-Moorhead, Elissa. “Curators’ Note: Where.” AIOP: Race. 2016 http://race.artinoddplaces.org/curators-note/

Hobbs, Allegra. “I is for Innuendo: Kids’ Book Drips with Double Meaning.” Brooklyn Paper. Feb. 22, 2016. https://www.brooklynpaper.com/i-is-for-innuendo-kids-book-drips-with-double-meaning/

Blount-Moorhead, Elissa. “As of a Now.” Creative Capital. 2019. https://creative-capital.org/projects/as-of-a-now/

 

Selected Reviews

Marjon, Carlos. “Black Radical Brooklyn: A New Art Exhibition Unearths Bed-Stuy’s Self-Determined History.” Fader. Sept. 25, 2014. https://www.thefader.com/2014/09/25/black-radical-brooklyn-creativetime-art-exhibition-review

Cotter, Holland. “Time-Traveling to a Corner of Brooklyn’s Past.“ New York Times. October 7, 2014. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/08/arts/design/funk-god-jazz-medicine-black-heritage-in-brooklyn.html

“Funk, God, Jazz, and Medicine: Black Radical Brooklyn”. Creative Time Reports. 2014. http://creativetime.org/projects/black-radical-brooklyn/

Rao, Sameer. “Introducing ‘P is for Pussy,’ a Subversive Kids’ Book That Will Tickle Adults.” ColorLines. Dec. 1, 2015. https://www.colorlines.com/articles/introducing-p-pussy-subversive-kids-book-will-tickle-adults

Solis, Marie. “Sex-Positive Alphabet Book ‘P Is for Pussy’ Is for Everyone.” Mic. Jan. 6, 2016.  https://www.mic.com/articles/131884/sex-positive-alphabet-book-p-is-for-pussy-is-for-everyone

Chapman, Catherine. “A New Exhibit at the Tate Gives Voice to Civil Rights-Era Black Artists.” Vice. July 23, 2017. https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/bjxapd/tate-new-exhibit-civil-rights-era-black-artists

Dzenko, Corey. “A Review of Art in Odd Places 2016: RACE.” ASAP Journal. March 2, 2017. http://asapjournal.com/liberty-and-justice-for-all-a-review-of-art-in-odd-places-2016-race/


Theoretical Contexts

Curation as CAREful Gathering and Community-Building

Cachia, Amanda. “Curating New Openings: Rethinking Diversity in the Gallery.” Art Journal, 76 (Fall-Winter 2017): 48-50.

DeFrantz, Thomas F. “Identifying the Endgame.” Theater 47, no. 1 (2017): 3-15. 

Lepecki, André. “Decolonizing the Curatorial,” Theater 47, no. 1 (2017): 101-115.

Cervenak, Sarah Jane. “Black Gathering: ‘The Weight of Being’ in Leonardo Drew’s Sculpture,” Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory 26, no. 1 (2016): 1–16. 

Butler, Judith. Notes Toward a Performative Theory of Assembly. Harvard University Press, 2015.

Roshanravan, Shireen. “Motivating Coalition: Women of Color and Epistemic Disobedience.” Hypatia 29.1 (2014): 41-58.

Quashie, Kevin. The Sovereignty of Quiet: Beyond Resistance of Black Culture. Rutgers University Press, 2012.

Collins, Patricia Hill. “The New Politics of Community.” American Sociological Review 75.1 (2010): 7-30.

Moten, Fred. “The Case of Blackness,” Criticism 50, no. 2 (2008): 177–218.

hooks, bell. Feminism is for Everybody: Passionate Politics. Cambridge: South End Press. 2000.

hooks, bell. Yearning: Race, Gender, and Cultural Politics. Boston: South End Press. 1990.

 

Black Radical Feminist Aesthetics

Campt, Tina Marie. “Black visuality and the practice of refusal.” Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory 29.1 (2019): 79-87.

Farmer, Ashley D. “‘All the Progress to Be Made Will Be Made by Maladjusted Negroes’: Mae Mallory, Black Women’s Activism, and the Making of the Black Radical Tradition.” Journal of Social History vol. 53, no. 2 (2019): 508–30. 

Nash, Jennifer C. Black Feminism Reimagined. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2019.

Zellars. Rachel B. “As if we were all struggling together”: Black intellectual traditions and legacies of gendered violence.” Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 7. 2019. 

Jackson, Zakiyyah Iman. “Theorizing in a Void: Sublimity, Matter, and Physics in a Black Feminist Poetics,” The South Atlantic Quarterly 117(3) (2018): 617-648.

Morris, Catherine, and Rujeko Hockley, eds. We Wanted a Revolution: Black Radical Women, 1965-85: New Perspectives. Brooklyn Museum, 2018.

Morris, Catherine, and Rujeko Hockley, eds. We Wanted a Revolution: Black Radical Women, 1965-85: A Sourcebook. Brooklyn Museum, 2017.

Combahee River Collective. “Combahee River Collective Statement.” In Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology, edited by Barbara Smith. Oxford University Press, 2016: 272-82. 

Murray, Derek Conrad. Queering Post-Black Art Artists Transforming African-American Identity after Civil Rights. I.B. Tauris, 2016.

McMillan, Uri. Embodied Avatars: Genealogies of Black Feminist Art and Performance. NYU Press, 2015.

Weheliye, Alexander G. Habeas Viscus: Racializing Assemblages, Biopolitics, and Black Feminist Theories of the Human. Duke University Press, 2014.

McKittrick, Katherine. “Mathematics Black Life,” The Black Scholar 44, no. 2 (Summer 2014):16-28.

Holland, Sharon Patricia. The Erotic Life of Racism. Duke University Press, 2012.

Hemmings, Claire. Why Stories Matter: The Political Grammar of Feminist Theory. Duke University Press, 2011.

Hartman, Saidiya. “Venus in Two Acts,” Small Axe 12, no. 2 (June 2008):1-4.

Davis, Angela Y. Blues Legacies and Black Feminism: Gertrude “Ma” Rainey, Bessie Smith, and Billie Holiday. New York: Pantheon Books, 1998. 

hooks, bell. Art on My Mind: Visual Politics. The New Press, 1995.

Lorde, Audre. “Poetry is Not a Luxury.” Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches by Audre Lorde. Crossing Press, 1984.

Some frequent collaborators: 

  1. Xenobia Bailey (in Funk, God, Jazz, and Medicine)
    1. Gaskins, Nettrice R. “The African Cosmogram Matrix in Contemporary Art and Culture.” black theology 14, no. 1 (2016): 28-42.
    2. Scott, Jennifer. “Reimagining Freedom in the Twenty-first Century at a Post-Emancipation Site.” The Public Historian 37, no. 2 (2015): 73-88.
  2. Simone Leigh (in Funk, God, Jazz, and Medicine + Black Women Artists for Black Lives Matter)
    1. Leigh, Simone; Chitra Ganesh, and Uri McMillan, “Alternative Structures: Aesthetics, Imagination, and Radical Reciprocity: An Interview with GIRL.” ASAP Journal 2, no. 2 (May 2017): 241-252. 
    2. Davis, Samara. “Room for Care: Simone Leigh’s Free People’s Medical Clinic.” TDR/The Drama Review 59, no. 4 (2015): 169-176.
  3. Rashida Bumbray (in Funk, God, Jazz, and Medicine… also collaborated with Bradford Young in Black America Again). Independent curator and choreographer of Run Mary Run, part of Jason Moran and Alicia Hall Moran’s BLEED at the 2012 Whitney Biennial. https://vimeo.com/61112888
    • .Reviews:
      1. Seibert, Brian. ‘Run Mary Run’. Features Rashida Bumbray at SummerStage. New York Times, July 20, 2015. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/21/arts/dance/review-run-mary-run-features-rashida-bumbray-at-summerstage.html
      2. Ratliff, Ben. Art, Ancestry, Africa: Letting it All Bleed. New York Times, May 14, 2012. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/15/arts/music/alicia-hall-moran-and-jason-moran-in-bleed-at-whitney.html

 

Raced and Gendered Notion of Care

Hartman, Saidiya. Wayward Lives, Beautiful Experiments: Intimate Histories of Social Upheaval. W.W. Norton & Company, 2019.

Pena, Mary. “Black Public Art: On the Socially Engaged Work of Black Women Artist-Activists.” Open Cultural Studies 3.1 (2019): 604-614.

Owens, Deirdre Cooper. Medical bondage: race, gender, and the origins of American gynecology. University of Georgia Press, 2017.

Bradley, Rizvana. “Vestiges of Motherhood: The Maternal Function in Recent Black Cinema,” Film Quarterly 71(2) (2017): 46-52.

Warren, Calvin. “Black Care.” liquid blackness 3, no. 6 (2016): 34-37. http://liquidblackness.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/LB6-WARREN.pdf

Threadcraft, Shatema Intimate Justice: The Black Female Body and the Body Politic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

McKittrick, Katherine, ed., Sylvia Wynter: On Being Human as Praxis. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2015.

Brown, Kimberly Juanita. The Repeating Body: Slavery’s Visual Resonance in the Contemporary. Durham: Duke University Press, 2015.

Nash, Jennifer C. “Practicing Love: Black Feminism, Love-Politics, and Post-Intersectionality.” Meridians 11.2 (2011): 1-24.

Ahmed, Sara. The Promise of Happiness. Duke University Press, 2010.

Crawford, Margo Natalie. “Must Revolution Be a Family Affair: Revisiting the Black Woman.” Dayo, F. Gore, Jeanne Theoharis and Komozi Woodard. Want to Start a Revolution?: Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle. New York University Press, 2009. 185-204.

Johnson, E. Patrick, “’Quare’ Studies, or (Almost) Everything I Know About Queer Studies I Learned from My Grandmother.” Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology. Duke University Press, 2005.

Collins, Patricia Hills. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. 2nd edition. Routledge, 2000.

Walker, Alice. In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens: Womanist Prose, San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1983.

Davis, Angela. “Reflections on the Black Woman’s Role in the Community of Slaves.” Black Scholar 3.4 (December 1971): 2-15.

 

Art as Process/Author as Ensemble

Apostol, Corina and Nato Thompson, eds. Making Another World Possible. Routledge, 2020

Gunn, Jenny. “Intergenerational Pedagogy in Jenn Nkiru’s REBIRTH IS NECESSARY,” In Focus, “Modes of Black Liquidity: Music Video as Black Art,” Journal of Cinema and Media Studies 59, no. 2 (Winter 2020).

Raengo, Alessandra “The Heat is On,” Refract: An Open Access Journal of Visual Studies, 2, no. 1 (Fall 2019): 31-44. https://escholarship.org/uc/item/1n22g022.

Eburne, Jonathan P., Amy J. Elias, and Melissa Karmen Lee, eds. “Rules of Engagement: Art, Process, Protest.” Special Issue. ASAP Journal 3, no. 2 (May 2018).

Moten, Fred. The Universal Machine. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2018. 

Moten, Fred. Stolen Life. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2018.

Moten, Fred. Black and Blur. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2017.

Field, Allyson Nadia, Jan-Christopher Horak, and Jacqueline Najuma Stewart. La Rebellion: Creating a New Black Cinema. Univ of California Press, 2015.

Copeland, Huey, and Naomi Beckwith. “Black Collectivities” Special Issue. NKA: Journal Of Contemporary African Art 2014, no. 34, 2014.

Stefano, Harney and Fred Moten. The Undercommons: Fugitive Planning and Black Study. New York: Minor Compositions, 2013.

Moten, Fred. In the Break: The Aesthetics of the Black Radical Tradition. Minneapolis, London: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.

 

Black Spaces and Histories: Geographies, Architectures, Communities

Summers, Brandi Thompson. Black in Place: The Spatial Aesthetics of Race in a Post-chocolate City. University of North Carolina Press Books, 2019.

Allen, Douglas, Mary Lawhon, and Joseph Pierce. “Placing race: On the resonance of place with black geographies.” Progress in human geography 43.6 (2019): 1001-1019.

Bledsoe, Adam, and Willie Jamaal Wright. “The Pluralities of Black Geographies.” Antipode 51.2 (2019): 419-437.

Brown, Adrienne. The Black Skyscraper: Architecture and the Perception of Race. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019.

Hawthorne, Camilla. “Black matters are spatial matters: Black geographies for the twenty‐first century.” Geography Compass (2019): 1-13.

Nyong’o, Tavia. Afro-Fabulations: The Queer Drama of Black Life. New York University Press, 2019.

Fleetwood, Nicole. “Prison Nation.” Aperture Magazine #230 (Spring 2018). https://aperture.org/shop/aperture-230-magazine/ 

Alliez, Éric. “Gordon Matta-Clarkk: ‘Somewhere Outside the Law.’” Journal of Visual Culture 15.3 (2016): 317-333.

McGlotten, Shaka, “Black Data,” No Tea, No Shade: New Writings in Black Queer Studies. Duke University Press, 2016.

Browne, Simone. Dark Matters: On the Surveillance of Blackness. Duke University Press, 2015.

Ferreira Da Silva, Denise. “Toward a Black Feminist Poethics: The Quest(ion) of Blackness Toward the End of the World,” The Black Scholar 44, no. 2 (June 2014): 81–97.

Lambert, Léopold. Weaponized Architecture: The Impossibility of Innocence. DPR-Barcelona, 2012.

Walker, Stephen. “The field and the table: Rosalind Krauss’s ‘expanded field’ and the Anarchitecture group.” arq: Architectural Research Quarterly 15, no. 4 (December 2011): 347-358.

Wigley, Mark. “Anarchitectures: The forensics of explanation.” Log 15 (2009): 121-136.

McKittrick, Katherine, and Clyde Adrian Woods, eds. Black geographies and the politics of place. South End Press, 2007.

Stewart, Kathleen, Ordinary Affects. Duke University Press, 2007.

McKittrick, Katherine. Demonic Grounds: Black Women and the Cartographies of Struggle. Minneapolis, Minn.: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 2006.

Walker, Stephen. “Gordon Matta-Clark: Drawing on Architecture.” Grey Room 18 (Winter 2005): 108-131.

Gilmore, Ruth Wilson. “Fatal couplings of power and difference: Notes on racism and geography.” The professional geographer 54, no. 1 (2002): 15-24.

Cohen, Cathy J. Boundaries of Blackness: AIDS and the Breakdown of Black Politics. University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Glissant, Édouard. Poetics of Relation. University of Michigan Press, 1997.

Evelyn Hammond, “Black (W)holes and the Geometry of Black Female Sexuality,” differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 6.2-3 (Summer-Fall 1994): 126-151.

 

Black Ancestry and Futurity: Past Lineages and Lineages “to come”

Raengo, Alessandra and Lauren McLeod Cramer, eds. “Modes of Black Liquidity: Music Video as Black Art,” In Focus Dossier, Journal of Cinema and Media Studies 59, no. 2, 2020.

Hartman, Saidiya. Wayward Lives, Beautiful Experiments: Intimate Histories of Social Upheaval. W.W. Norton & Company, 2019.

Keeling, Kara. Queer Times, Black Futures. New York: New York University Press, 2019.

Yusoff, Kathryn. A Billion Black Anthropocenes or None. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2018.

Carrington, André. “Mike Brown’s Body: New Materialism and Black Form.” ASAP/Journal 2, no. 2 (2017): 276-283.

Gaines, Malik. Black Performance on the Outskirts of the Left: A History of the Impossible. New York University Press, 2017.

Roberts, Neil. “Theorizing Freedom, Radicalizing the Black Radical Tradition: On Freedom as Marronage Between Past and Future.” Theory & Event, 20, no. 1 (2017): 212-230.

Cramer, Lauren. “The Black (Universal) Archive and the Architecture of Black Cinema.” Black Camera 8, no. 1 (Fall 2016).

Sharpe, Christina. In the Wake: On Blackness and Being. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2016. 

Wright, Michelle M. Physics of Blackness: Beyond the Middle Passage Epistemology. Minneapolis: University Of Minnesota Press, 2015.

Chen, Mel Y. Animacies: Biopolitics, Racial Mattering, and Queer Affect.  Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012.

Iton, Richard. In Search of the Black Fantastic: Politics and Popular Culture in the Post-Civil Rights Era. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Keeling, Kara. “LOOKING FOR M— Queer Temporality, Black Political Possibility, and Poetry from the Future.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 15, no. 4 (2009): 565–82.

Muñoz, José Esteban. Crusing Utopia: The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York University Press, 2009.

Lorde, Audre. “Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power.” Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches by Audre Lorde. Crossing Press, 1984.

Robinson, Cedric J. Black Marxism: The Making of the Black Radical Tradition. University of North Carolina Press, 1983.

 

Page compiled with contributions from Corey Couch, Daren Fowler, and Alessandra Raengo.